## A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th centurynet naxos

Not the true moment of inception of the subject It would not have been unreasonable if I had gone back to the set of isoperimetric problems considered by Greek mathemati cians such as Zenodorus c 200 B C and preserved by Pappus c 300 A D I have not done this since these problems were solved by geometric means Instead I have arbitrarily chosen to begin with Fermat s elegant principle of least time He used this principle in 1662 to show how a light ray was refracted at the interface between two optical media of different densities This analysis of Fermat seems to me especially appropriate as a starting point He used the methods of the calculus to minimize the time of passage cif a light ray through the two media.

#heading[2]The calculus of variations is a subject whose beginning can be precisely dated It might be said to begin at the moment that Euler coined the name calculus of variations but this is of course and his method was adapted by John Bernoulli to solve the brachystochrone problem There have been several other histories of the subject but they are now hopelessly archaic One by Robert Woodhouse appeared in 1810 and another by Isaac Todhunter in 1861 A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century (Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences) By Herman H. Goldstine |

0387905219 |

9780387905211 |

English |

410 |

Hardcover |

Book A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th centurylink |

Book A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th century 21 |

Book A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th centurylink email |

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century book |

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century booking |

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century booklet |

PDF A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th century |

PDF A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th centurylink |

PDF A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th century 21 |

PDF A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th centurylink email |

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century pdf |

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century pdf editor |

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century pdffiller |

A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th Century pdfescape |

ePub A History of the Calculus of Variations from the 17th through the 19th century |